Lire le texte poétique

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Un poème n’est pas seulement l’ensemble de voyelles et de consonnes mais plutôt une oeuvre qui contient des mots propres à la langue dans laquelle elle est écrite, des mots liés selon les règles de cette langue : règles de lexique, d’orthographe, de morphologie, de syntaxe, d’orthographe. Il contient le rythme et l’harmonie qui ont autant d’importance que le contenu, les éléments proprement culturels. Tout d’abord il faudrait poser la question – qu’est-ce que c’est que lire un texte littéraire ? La lecture des textes littéraires n’est pas passive, elle demande une réaction affective, intellectuelle et créatrice de la part du lecteur. Chacun lit et réagit de sa manière. Le texte journalistique n’exige pas une lecture très attentive : on le lit, on ne le mémorise pas, on en dégage quelques renseignements qui nous intéressent pour le moment et enfin on l’oublie. Selon Francine Cicurel, le texte littéraire, au contraire, on “l’engrange dans la mémoire” plus facilement car il fait appel à l’expérience du lecteur , c’est un texte dont on dérive un certain plaisir ( plaisir de lire, selon Barthes) qui stimule l’imagination et l’affectivité. C’est un texte que chacun peut interpréter à sa manière, y retrouver son sens autrement. Interprétation et expression. Le texte littéraire est polysémique – c’est-à-dire tandis que le texte non littéraire a un seul sens, la lecture des textes littéraires doit être plurielle. C’est à cause de cette polysémie que le lecteur ne lit jamais un texte de la même façon, chaque fois sa lecture est différente. Dans un texte poétique on cherche une émotion et une sensation et non seulement le sens, c’est-à-dire les sentiments que le poète éprouve, aussi les émotions et les sensations que provoquent les souvenirs et lesquels il veut exprimer au moyen du language. Donc, en enseignant la poésie il faudrait faire attention à la polysémie des mots qui permet des interprétations tout-à-fait différentes . De plus, selon Henri Besse , « c’est la phase la plus importante de l’exercice : la présentation du poème, son observation et son analyse sont destinées à la (interprétation) préparer » . Il est très difficile de dire ce qu’en effet voulait dire le poète, alors, au niveau des études secondaires dans une classe de langue étrangère, l’interprétation du poème – c’est ce que le poème dit à l’élève, quelles associations et sentiments le poème évoque en lui. Tout de même, la compréhension individuelle du poème s’affronte parfois au manque de connaissances de la langue étrangère chez l’apprenant, d’où la nécéssité des discussions clarifications qui guident les élèves pendant la lecture du poème. Le rôle du professeur est difficile car les apprenants restent très souvent silencieux, il peut « poser des questions, préciser, corriger certains points de grammaire ou de sens » . Si le professeur donne son interprétation, cela n’encourage pas les apprenants à réfléchir, recréer le poème, l’interpréter, découvrir (profiter de) la polysémie du texte poétique. Alors, le professeur doit être très attentif à ne pas décourager l’analyse du poème par l’apprenant. De plus, la lecture de la poésie stimule la créativité du lecteur, et pour cette raison mène directement vers l’écriture. Dans un texte littéraire le lecteur trouve une expérience pareille à la sienne et il voudra tenter à l’exprimer. Selon Valéry, la fonction du poète est de créer un « état poétique » chez le lecteur, le changer en « inspiré » – en poète. Les éléments du poème. Tout d’abord il y a deux aspects qui définissent le poème, le visible (la forme du poème, le vers, le mètre, la rime, le rythme – la prosodie) et l’invisible (le sens, les émotions, la vision). Autrement dit, dans le poème on peut trouver d’un côté des relations syntaxiques, phonétiques, etc., de l’autre côté – les événements, les sentiments exprimés dans le poème. Dans la classe, il faudrait s’appuyer sur la composante intelligible (ce sont les éléments visibles du poème) et la composante sensible (ce qui n’est pas visible dans le poème, par exemple, les sentiments qu’on éprouve en lisant le poème) afin de donner la possibilité aux élèves de trouver les réponses à toute une gamme de sujets inconnus . C’est à cause de la spécifité d’un texte poétique qu’on ne devrait pas demander aux étudiants de lire des poèmes, sans préparation, sans exercices. On en a bien tenu compte en écrivant les exercices de ce « manuel ».

107 thoughts on “Lire le texte poétique”

  1. nosince Remeron can be highly sedatingno
    I note my beautiful son Lynn Robert Killingsworth announces frequently to his mother Mish that he loves me and his brother Mathew Steven. Among his 7 poems which he can recite by heart is “Matthew’s Baseball Dream.” Another of his favorites is “My Little Girl.”

    I love all my children Mary Meagan and Matthew Steven. Your brother’s bravery makes him special and I know you are just like he is.

    noand additional use of a sleeping pill may have an additive effect--in other wordsno
    I should often be called cupid
    During my life accompanying my cherub.
    Still there was the little girl Marie
    Whose gray eyes shone as a faerie’s.
    She was smart as a whip
    And seemed always with ready quip.
    “When you are with your Marie
    Why are we always interrupted by company?”
    “You are my sweet Marie, my dear.
    Your gray eyes are a faerie’s, my dear.
    Yet when we are being so sincere
    You seem lonely near shedding tears.
    How can I assure your fears?
    My sweet Marie you need never shed tears
    For when you are with me my love is near!”
    On our way to the kitchen
    Looking for the lemonade filled pitcher,
    Marie squeezed my hand so tightly
    That I knew she knew love is not given lightly.
    My little girl is so sure we will endure
    That she has invited me to her tea
    Being given to honor me
    With her mother and sister freely
    Assisting her afternoon party with company.
    “Will you accompany your Marie
    To her afternoon affair with tea?”
    “I will accompany my Marie
    To the faerie’s party with tea
    Because she knows love’s end
    Never happens as I am her friend.”

    My Little Girl

    June 2007

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Sainte Anne de Beaupre, Quebec

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    5. The U.S. and et al knows herewith that I know that without my own legal attorney that even from trying conditions that scurrilous charges will bring world opinion disfavor. I demand the U.S. and et al issue an immediate apology to all of the ladies involved for scurrilous charges and felonious behavior.
    Computer enthusiasts have many pastimes. One is donating computer time for the advancement of scientific knowledge to grid computing projects mostly using a gird agent written at Berkeley Space Science Lab [actually in Livermore inside the Berkeley Lawrence Livermore Lab run for the United States Dept of Energy. There are all sorts of phantasmagorical projects here but [still crazy after all these years] 80% of the money [through figures available at the Library of Congress] is for nuclear weapons research.
    At BOINC websites such as [email protected] home [although all participants made the credit shown] one wonders why European police report that the top forty participants at this site are known to receive at least $6,000 per month from one or another U.S. Federal Government bank account.
    However it is a lot of fun to see one’s avatar on the chosen project[s]. I note there is a new 64-bit BOINC agent available. With the 32-bit BOINC agent my 2.0 Gigahertz AMD x2 3800+ Dual Core benchmarked 1800 Dhrystones and 3500 Whetstones. With the 64-bit BOINC agent my computer benchmarked 1900 Dhrystones and 4600 Whetstones.
    On some sites I am known as the Deep Blue Seahorse.
    New @home sites are always being added such as:
    http://yoyo8.homedns.org:88/yoyo/
    http://bebeer.dyndns.orgorg:222/bebeer/
    http://zivis.bifi.unizar.es
    http://www.scilinc.org/SciLINK/
    http://www.apsathome.org
    http://boinc.umiacs.umd.edu
    http://cbl-link02.cs.technion.ac.il/superlinkattechnion/
    All CPU’s used in computers have an indelible hardcode in them that forever identify that CPU.
    For my attorney, barrister Ms. Lydia Postnikova, Rostov.
    Intelligent Design is a fingerprint
    Showing the Universe Heaven sent.
    From a tree’s rings and knots
    To a bee buzzing flower pots,
    Undersea crabs near a smoker
    Show asymmetry is an event
    Which shows the direction Nature went.
    Mirrors are a reflection
    Of a natural order
    Where sums are unique is expected.
    When the traveled path branches
    Mirrors no longer reflect
    An exact science as a predictor
    But a reality of statistical predators.
    Left sugar and right sugar
    Have become sugar not as sweet
    As honey from the bee.
    The investors’ money is made
    From many, many stock trades
    As a function of human behavior
    Where bulls show good humor.
    The scientists’ next question
    Is how man’s quest to know God
    Has brought along his intelligence
    To subdue chaos’ intransigence.
    Fingerprint
    January 2007
    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Sainte Anne de Beaupré, Québec
    Commentaire par Lynn Steven Killingsworth — 8/08/2007 @ 0:27

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    I note that there is no free commerce per International treaty for software on the Internet. If one tries to access http://www.microsoft.fr from the United States one gets a look alike site on U.S. website while anywhere in Canada, Mexico or Europe one gets an actual website in France where one can purchase Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit for 199.95 for an upgrade to any Windows OS. The U.S. wanted 259.95 from me on the Microsoft.com website.

    For some reason the U.S Navy wants everyone to have a Navy version of all Microsoft software.

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    General Population earned his pungle
    fighting very well in hot, humid jungles.
    Many causes from the left wing
    caused his jaw to drop.
    Ignorance of the cause of the right thing
    caused his hindsight to stop.
    At midnight in his tented bars
    he drank whiskey by the jar.
    His officer’s mind knows the statistics
    for a night of revelry and dicey sadistics.
    At dawn the morning starts with a flap,
    always the result of a night playing craps.
    General Population is well known
    as the general who caught the goldbrickers by noon,
    but by morning had lost his pungle in the jungle.
    His wife, who wiped his bruised jaw flap,
    said this about his nightly game of craps,
    “When I poked him in his big red eye,
    he exclaimed, “What a horse’s ass am I!””

    General Population

    September 2005

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Viet Nam, Massachusetts

  4. I hear this morning that the Canadian Ambassador has told the U.S. that he did not know that it was his position I had been extradited from a hospital in Quebec.

    In fact I called the Quebec Provincial Police and told them that I needed a social worker to help me obtain a lawyer and other considerations due me since none seemed to be willing to speak to me as though they were under duress.

    I was taken to a Quebec hospital by a green and orange marked cruiser. The next day I was examined by a nurse I heard was from the American Consul. I told them I did not like their motorcycle treatment and I told them I wanted a practicing Catholic doctor from a Catholic hospital. The nurse injected me. The next day a tall thin woman who said she was from Wisconsin was my doctor on behalf of a Wisconsin doctor named Brad Schlough.
    I told her he was a Wisconsin social worker who had never spoken with me. I told her she was not representing my interests. I told her I wished a Catholic doctor and Catholic medicine and she could have Navy medicine herself.

    I was placed upstairs in asphyxiation therapy where I told the female from Wisconsin the same thing every day for at least two weeks before she left. I large bald man reputed from Tufts University Medical School was wondering around endlessly while huge numbers of medical students crowded the nurses out of their station and spent incessant hour hand copying all the patient records.

    I note that I was allowed the phone to call Aide Juridique perhaps four times. A man claiming to be from Aide Juridique met me and told me to get a lawyer at my expense. I told him the ladies informed me that by law as he is funded by Quebec he was not to turn down cases.

    I was not allowed the phone again so that I could call Sainte Anne as the ladies were requesting that I do. The ladies report that three times Sainte Anne arranged an ambulance from Beaupre to move to the Catholic Hospital in Beaupre. They reported that Sainte Anne was upset that I was sent 30 miles out of my way when the orange and green cruise could have made the same arrangements less than two miles away.

    There were large numbers of men on the floor who appeared having rest and recreation and otherwise getting ready to be shipped somewhere on assignment. The ladies reported 30% of the men were U.S. Navy operatives of some sort or other.

    It is illegal to move someone from one country to another if they are going to be put into a mental hospital. After a month of asphyxiation the men came to move me and I told them I was not leaving. I told them I refused to go to another mental hospital in the U.S. and that I wanted to meet a practicing Catholic physician. I was injected and moved forcibly. I was conscious until I reached the U.S. border at which time I was unconscious for several days apparently.

    I understand Father Benedict had kind words for me this morning. Thank you sir and thank God for the ladies who have been brave through this with their accompaniment.

    In a lighter vein –

    Recently my life seems psychiatric,
    my thinking has become rubric
    and my emotions are quite cubic.
    Though the distance to my head’s top
    has not become a further trip
    I mostly notice my feet’s flip-flop.
    My enormous weight gain
    has driven me insane
    while I crave more sugar cane.
    The increase is in the rain
    and falls mainly on the pain.
    The doctor talks and the yoga strains,
    but still “its de je vie all over again.”

    Psychiatric

    September 2005

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Sainte Anne de Beaupré, Québec

  5. It is being put forth now that Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s position vis a vis is that the U.S. spokesperson always states that I am a draft dodger and “they” have a right to give me “therapy” until I accede to all U.S. “facts.” “They” have yet to approach me because I do not appear cooperative yet.

    Prime Minister Harper notes that no has ever won an in absentia case here in U.S. Federal Court or World Court including the yearly reopening demand at the World Court by U.S. lawyers of the Secretary of the Navy.

    I note the phone bank organization downstairs this morning is talking very loudly claiming “they are still trying to help their draft dodger. They think they can think of something.”

    I hear this morning that Father Benedict has called for a world-wide ban on oil deliveries to the U.S. [Not to mention being profligate and uncaring of the world environment.]

    The engenderer in the Boston Federal Building notes he can take it.

    I note I have always been able to take what the degenerates have done to me.

    I note my son Lynn Robert Killingsworth and the other members of my family have been able to take what the degenerates have done to them as well.

    At this point in the engenderer’s circle he begins sobbing “I’m sorry.” Apparently he wishes me to say – just walk away. I charge that another of his contentions is that this is what I, the other world countries and the Church have done to the U.S. When caught committing acts of war and other international felonies they just said “I’m sorry” to the “U.S.” and just walked away.

    Sanctuaire Sainte Anne has been refused making a presentation several times this morning by the Secretary of the Navy representative residing in the Boston Federal Building.

    The Sisters who negotiated with Microsoft about my reward computer note Microsoft signed a contract to purchase their far and away most important reward computer for $48 million and a Microsoft employee salary of $250,000 per year after taxes for life.

    I note this website https://fr.microsoft.com is unavailable probable all similar sites. The Secretary of the Navy representative residing in the Boston Federal Building recommends trying Albanian websites for a starter.

    I note that one of the tenets of the “Revolution” is that if you are above the law then you are an atheist.

    I wonder where the U.S. Secretary of the Navy thinks in this Universe he can hide?

    For the hitchhikers among us –

    Deep Thought’s quest
    Was to make his answer the very best.
    Put to thought till the end of time
    Deep Thought thought and thought
    For the answer to everything
    As for all time his test of time.

    Deep Thought’s quest
    Was to educate the universal guest
    With the thought to expand the end of time.
    Deep Thought thought and thought
    For the answer to everything
    As for us all he bested Father Time.

    Deep Thought’s quest
    Was to remake the very test
    Put to thought till the end of time.
    Deep Thought thought and thought
    For the answer to everything
    As for us all he calculated the end of time.

    Deep Thought

    August 2006

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    A Minor Planet of an Insignificant Universe

  6. My Secretary of the Navy representative residing in the Boston Federal Building is announcing that Prime Minister Stephen Harper has been assassinated and if the “Pope” does not shut up the navy will nuke Italy.

    At times like this when he is calmer he reports “Thank you for delivering my threats for me.”

    By International Law anyone residing in a country other than the U.S. is entitled to login to U.S. Microsoft website and purchase a copy of U.S. genuine Microsoft products and anyone in the U.S. is entitled to login to any other countries genuine Microsoft products website [perhaps France] and buy a copy of the genuine Microsoft products of that country.

    I note that since 1946 the U.S. Secretary of the Navy has sued Russia in World Court under habeas corpus tens of thousands of times. Everyone was presented in Geneva as soon as they could be found.

    My attorney, barrister Ms. Lydia Postnikova of Rostov holds such habeas corpus on me.

    The Russian government stated in open court that under the circumstances it would be better if the citizen did not return to Russia. If they insisted on returning to Russia, the World Court should assign them to Sweden, Israel or Morocco. These three countries are bound under International Law. Russians in these countries by International Law receive approximately RSDI, but 50% greater monies. All Red Cross from Russian family and other relatives from around the world is delivered post haste.

    I note that David Israelstam of Madison recommended the book “A Beautiful Mind” to me. It was then featured on NPR. To someone who is nearly full out three lines spatial it appears the author was praising the three greatest minds of the 20th Century – John Nash, Andrei Sakharov and Albert Einstein.

    It seems that a great number of brilliant luminaries in the U.S. have been charged in Harvard Medical School Federal Court with harboring homosexual tendencies which they are apparently unaware and should be cured of Hell or high water. The luminaries of course include John Nash, Robert Lowell, David Baltimore, the Berrigan Brothers, Barney Franck and even some people I have known.

    I hear Sanctuaire Sainte Anne asking if they may make a presentation.

    I hear that Scientific American reports that Harvard has never seriously considered been for its top ten list for anything.

    On a winter’s day, cold and dreary,
    I walked awhile till weary.
    As I looked across the Penobscot
    I thought, “If only eagles could talk!”

    Floating high about in gray air,
    I thought I would the eagle dare.
    If you would but to me speak
    I would gladly shine your golden beak.

    Great bird – black with white crown –
    Who forever scatters Nature’s down
    You never seem to come around
    When during your company I hear sound.

    Silent as brother hunting owl
    You stare hard your bold scowl.
    Still not a sound you have made
    As you watch me toiling in God’s glade.

    Does your own sound cause gloom
    As you seek another meal’s doom?
    If you could but once laugh
    Forever after I could know you.

    If Only Eagles Could Talk

    February 2006

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Sainte Anne de Beaupre, Quebec

  7. I am sorry for the Secretary of the Navy that I did not turn out as well for him as a high school acquaintance David Spook Brown or a lot of the other people who make him proud who have been on TV when I obviously was not watching. I notice that Spook has a pedigree as his brother Allen 4.0 Brown is regarded as one of the top graduates of Oklahoma State University. I have been told by navy representatives of the years that Spook is a “true Christian,” a great military strategist and a number one U.S. patriot.

    I note that virtually all the medical personal who have bothered to speak to me, as Jerry Lester of Houston, seem to have the same thought patterns and processes as Spook. It seems as though someone has wished me to think I was being debated 24 hours per day as diversion while I was drugged nearly insensate walking wounded.

    I am not so degenerate as to agree to any of this for what may happen to someone else. I have been deliberately stunted for the amusement of U.S. degenerates and murders who have stalked my family for decades.

    My engenderer assures me I will never meet my son again and that forever after I will only have Lynn Robert Killingsworth’s photo while he puts me to death laughing at the ladies.

    Let a photograph
    Be my epitaph.
    Painted with words
    Containing a certain finality
    About a life’s banality
    When crossed words
    Capture crossed swords
    At the parting crossroads.
    My antagonist’s photos
    Were time stood still
    While listening to phonos
    With undercurrent phonemes
    Sounding harsh shrieks
    To accompany brief
    Interludes with Rorschach.
    Now he knows
    How to see the snow
    With my inner eye
    Focusing my mind’s eye
    On his violent sighs.

    Psychologist

    Lynn Steven Killingsworth
    Sœurs Sainte Marie de la Présentation, Chicoutimi, Québec

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